Feeling Sad? (Part 2)

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Here are some tips to help reduce the winter blues:

  • open the blinds and curtains and sit near windows
  • take long walks and sit outside during your lunch break
  • exercise regularly…it helps relieve stress and anxiety and lifts our mood
  • get a light therapy box…it’s effective in 85% of cases when a light source 10x as strong as domestic lighting is used for 1-2 hrs/day…higher intensity light boxes can decrease exposure time to about 30 mins…the treatment can start working in as little as 2-4 days…and is just as effective as antidepressants…why not use it in the morning whilst having breakfast?
  • psychotherapy can assist by identifying negative thoughts and behaviours that lower mood…it can also help manage stress
  • antidepressants can be prescribed by your doctor if they see fit

Feeling Sad?

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Have you been experiencing any of the following symptoms:

  • Feeling down or depressed
  • Less interested in doing things or procrastinating
  • Loss of libido
  • Over eating
  • Waking up in the night
  • Waking up too early
  • More tired than usual, heavy limbs, aching muscles or headaches
  • Stomach problems, sweating, cramps, having to urinate frequently, dry mouth, sighing, heart palpitations, hyperventilating
  • Feeling tense, irritable, worrying too much about little things
  • Slow thoughts or speech
  • Fidgety, restless, difficulty concentrating
  • Paranoid and suspicious

If you have, you’re not alone. About 25% of the population is affected each year, particularly during the months of December, January and February. For 7% of people the symptoms can actually become debilitating. It’s like a form of winter depression called SAD (Seasonal Affective Disorder). A reduction in daylight hours and a lack of sunlight disrupt our body clocks and may lead to an imbalance in the neurotransmitters serotonin and melatonin.

Winter is characterised by a relative scarcity of food and some animals take the opportunity to hibernate. Their metabolism decreases in order to conserve energy. Although we’ve never hibernated, before the advent of electricity and in particular the light bulb in the 1800s, our activity and sleep was dictated by sunlight. As the number of sunlight hours decreased during the winter months, so did our activity. Our body clocks followed a marked seasonal rhythm.

The artificial light produced by electricity has allowed us to become more productive by helping us keep the same working hours throughout the year. Even though artificial lighting is strong enough to allow us to work and live, it’s much weaker than natural sunlight. As a result, it lacks the strength to regulate our body clocks in the same way that natural sunlight does. We’re now forcing our bodies to awaken when they would naturally be asleep. This burden hasn’t been tolerated well.

Read my next post for some useful tips to help you beat the winter blues.